In his weekly clinical update Dr. Griffin discusses prevalence and clinical outcomes of respiratory syncytial virus versus influenza virus in adults hospitalized with acute respiratory Illness, reconsideration of antinucleocapsid IgG antibody as a marker of SARS-CoV-2 infection postvaccination for mild COVID-19 patients, assessment of COVID-19 as the underlying cause of death among children and young people aged 0 to 19 years in the US, information for persons who are immunocompromised regarding prevention and treatment of SARS-CoV-2 Infection in the context of currently circulating Omicron sublineages, association of culturable-virus detection and household transmission of SARS-CoV-2,  effectiveness of bivalent boosters against severe Omicron infection, Covid vaccines and playing the long game, efficacy and safety of antimicrobial stewardship prospective audit and feedback in patients hospitalized with COVID-19, and severe fatigue and persistent symptoms at three months following SARS-CoV-2 Infections during the pre-Delta, Delta, and Omicron time periods.

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Intro music is by Ronald Jenkees

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Paul Offit returns to TWiV to unpack the recent FDA Advisory Panel on COVID vaccines, with discussions on giving everyone the same bivalent vaccine, simplifying the immunization schedule, and how to know when the vaccine should be updated.

Hosts: Vincent Racaniello and Rich Condit

Guest: Paul Offit

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  • FDA briefing document (pdf)
  • Effectiveness of bivalent booster against severe infection (NEJM)
  • Timestamps by Jolene. Thanks!

Intro music is by Ronald Jenkees

Send your virology questions and comments to twiv@microbe.tv

TWiV gives an update on poliovirus in wastewater, and reveals a vast world of viroids that infect a wide range of host species in diverse ecosystems.

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Hosts: Vincent Racaniello, Alan Dove, Rich Condit, and Kathy Spindler

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•Research assistant position at FDA (pdf) 1:58
•Register for ASV 2023 2:45
MicrobeTV Discord Server 4:53
Nick Muzyczka passes 1:31:39
•Wastewater testing for poliovirus (MMWR)
•NY state poliovirus wastewater surveillance (NYSDOH)
•CDC wastewater poliovirus surveillance in select communities (CDC) 10:51
•Vast world of viroid-like RNAs (Cell) 29:35
Letters read on TWiV 979 1:12:54
•Timestamps by Jolene. Thanks!

Weekly Picks 1:30:24

Kathy3B new Milky Way objects, Green comet
RichVirology under the Microscope—a Call for Rational Discourse
Alan – Indie story-driven games series #3: Valiant Hearts: The Great War
Vincent – Vaccines and Related Biological Products Advisory Committee Meeting January 26, 2023 – pdf

Listener Picks

FlorenciaAn elegant way to stop deadly Hendra virus spillovers from bats to horses … to us (Nature article)

Intro music is by Ronald Jenkees

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In his weekly clinical update Dr. Griffin discusses co-detections of other respiratory viruses among children hospitalized with COVID-19, preprint review should form part of PhD programs and postdoc training, early and increased Influenza activity among children, COVID-19 vaccines versus pediatric hospitalization, SARS-CoV-2 variant-related abnormalities detected by prenatal MRI, protective effectiveness of previous SARS-CoV-2 infection and hybrid immunity against the Omicron variant and severe disease, protective effectiveness of previous SARS-CoV-2 infection and hybrid immunity against the omicron variant and severe disease, persistent COVID-19 Symptoms at 6 months after onset and the role of vaccination before or after SARS-COV-2 infection, effect of Dexamethasone use on viral clearance among patients with COVID-19, and the impact of vaccination on post-acute sequelae of SARS CoV-2 infection in patients with rheumatic diseases.

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TWiV covers a study of SARS-CoV-2 persistence at multiple sites in the human body, and the role of endogenous retroviruses in ageing and senescence.

Hosts: Vincent Racaniello, Dickson Despommier, Alan Dove, Brianne Barker, and Angela Mingarelli

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•Research assistant position at FDA (pdf) 2:27
•Register for ASV 2023 3:10
MicrobeTV Discord Server 4:15
Persistence of SARS-CoV-2 (Nature) 6:13
•Endogenous retroviruses and senescence (Cell) 29:55
•Timestamps by Jolene. Thanks!

Weekly Picks 1:26:32

Dickson – Baritone Saxophone: Gerry Mulligan. No one else comes close Signature song: Bernie’s Tune
AngelaWorld’s Longest Animal
BrianneGreen Comet to Pass By Earth for first time in 50,000 years
Alan – Indie games series: Golf Club Wasteland
VincentBivalent Covid-19 Vaccines — A Cautionary Tale

Listener Picks

LisaThe River and the Wall

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In his weekly clinical update Dr. Griffin discusses China reporting almost 60,000 Covid-related deaths after abrupt shift in policy, detection of SARS-CoV-2 IgA and IgG in human milk and breastfeeding infant stool 6 months after maternal COVID-19 vaccination, effect of Fluvoxamine vs placebo on time to sustained recovery in outpatients with mild to moderate COVID-19, hyperimmune globulin for severely immunocompromised patients hospitalized with COVID-19, long COVID outcomes at one year after mild SARS-CoV-2 infection, long COVID: major findings, mechanisms and recommendations, a systematic review of trials currently investigating therapeutic modalities for post-acute COVID-19 syndrome and registered on World Health Organization international clinical trials platform, and the effect of using a structured pacing protocol on post-exertional symptom exacerbation and health status in a longitudinal cohort with the post-COVID-19 syndrome.

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Intro music is by Ronald Jenkees

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Daniela joins TWiV to discuss her career and her research on T cells, their role in infection with SARS-CoV-2, T cell epitopes and why a variant that evades T cell immunity is not likely to emerge.

Hosts: Vincent Racaniello, Alan Dove, and Brianne Barker

Guest: Daniela Weiskopf

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•Research assistant position at FDA (pdf) 2:47
•Register for ASV 2023 3:36
Cross reactive T cells to SARS-CoV-2 (Science) 25:50
•SARS-CoV-2 exposure history and T cell response (Cell Rep Med) 42:13
•Spike T cells cross- recognize Omicron (Nature) 45:05
•Ancestral SARS-CoV-2 T cells recognize Omicron (Nature)
NVX-CoV2373 induces T cell responses (J Clin Inves) 47:23
Letters read on TWiV 975 1:09:34
•Timestamps by Jolene. Thanks!

Weekly Picks 1:26:29

BrianneVideo of viral attachment (based on this article)
Alan – Starting a series of innovative indie video games. First up: The Longing.
VincentThe Amy Papers and Calendar for live events

Listener Picks

JudyInnate immune evasion strategies of SARS-CoV-2
CharlesWho’s Talking to Chris Wallace? Season 1, epitope 30: Dr. Anthony Fauci on HBO Max

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In his weekly clinical update Dr. Griffin discusses poliovirus returns to New York wastewater, COVID-19 is more widespread in animals than we thought, increasing ventilation reduces SARS-CoV-2 airborne transmission in schools, the use of carbon dioxide monitoring to assess ventilation at a national infectious diseases conference, effectiveness of the bivalent mRNA vaccine in preventing severe COVID-19 outcomes, 7-month duration of SARS-CoV-2 mucosal immunoglobulin-A responses and protection, and long COVID outcomes at one year after mild SARS-CoV-2 infection.

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Intro music is by Ronald Jenkees

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Felicia joins TWiV to discuss her career and her research on human cytomegalovirus, which infects most of us for our entire lives yet mainly causes disease in the immunosuppressed.

Hosts: Vincent Racaniello, Alan Dove, and Brianne Barker

Guest: Felicia Goodrum

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•Research assistant position at FDA (pdf) 2:22
The loss of binary (Curr Clin Micro Rep) 10:55
Virology in Peril (mBio) 49:28
•Letters read on TWiV 973 1:02:02
•Timestamps by Jolene. Thanks!

Weekly Picks 1:33:37

Brianne“Leukocyte” immunology video parody
AlanWest Point Removing Confederate Monuments, and Ty Seidule’s book on that subject
Vincent – The works of Haruki MurakamiSouth of the Border, West of the Sun; also short stories (First Person Singular, particularly Confessions of a Shinagawa Monkey; and Men Without Women, particularly Drive My Car)

Listener Picks

KarenOn All Fours: Transient Laborers, the Threat of Movement, and the Aftermath of Disease
KevinJames Hoffmann and Bald and Bankrupt

Intro music is by Ronald Jenkees

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In his weekly clinical update Dr. Griffin discusses the infectiousness of SARS-CoV-2 breakthrough infections and reinfections during the Omicron wave, virological characteristics of the SARS-CoV-2 XBB variant derived from recombination of two Omicron subvariants, antibody evasion properties of rising SARS-CoV-2 BQ and XBB subvariants, comparative effectiveness of third doses of mRNA-based COVID-19 vaccines in US veterans, time to negative PCR conversion among high-risk patients with mild-to-moderate Omicron BA.1 and BA.2 COVID-19 treated by Sotrovimab or Nirmatrelvir, COVID drug Paxlovid was hailed as a game-changer, what happened?, the Fc-effector function of COVID-19 convalescent plasma contributes to SARS-CoV-2 treatment efficacy in mice, SARS-CoV-2 infection and persistence in the human body and brain at autopsy, long-term cardiovascular outcomes of COVID-19, and how heart-disease risk soars after COVID — even with a mild case.

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Intro music is by Ronald Jenkees

Send your questions for Dr. Griffin to daniel@microbe.tv