TWiV reviews the latest virology news, how infection with a plant virus causes insect to grow long wings, and reverse zoonoses of 2009 H1N1 pandemic influenza viruses in US swine.
In his weekly clinical update, Dr. Griffin reviews most recent statistics on the circulation of respiratory syncytial virus, influenza virus and SARS-CoV-2 virus in the US before discussing vaccine effectiveness in children and adolescents, how the pandemic impacted the socioemotional development of infants and toddlers, continues to dispel the myth of viral rebound, how to pay for Paxlovid, reviews quarantine guidelines, when to use steroids and the benefits of convalescent plasma, examines the role of immune aberrations in long COVID and how vaccination may protect against developing long COVID.
TWiV reveals how viruses participate in the organomineralization of travertines, and how neutralizing antibodies evolve to exploit vulnerable sites in the hepatitis C virus envelope glycoprotein E2 and mediate clearance of infection.
In his weekly clinical update, Dr. Griffin reviews recent measles outbreaks, prequalification of nOPV2 by the WHO and most recent statistics on the circulation of respiratory syncytial virus, influenza virus and SARS-CoV-2 virus in the US before discussing COVID-19 deaths linked to SNPs in C-reactive protein, spread of recent viral variants, how early vaccination reduced hospitalization of those infected with XBB.1.5, reviewed quarantine guidelines, how oral antivirals reduce hospitalizations, dissociation of antiviral treatment from infection rebound, and long COVID, deaths due to administration of hydroxychloroquine, muscle abnormalities and extreme fatigue in individuals with long COVID-19 and how the economics of where you live make long COVID-19 more severe.
Vincent travels to McGill University in Montreal, Canada to join Angela for a discussion of the careers and the research of two faculty members, Corinne Maurice and Jesse Shapiro, and their PhD trainees Anshul Sinha and Sana Naderi.
In his weekly clinical update, Dr. Griffin highlights global circulation of Mpox virus, reviews the most recent statistics on the circulation of respiratory syncytial virus, influenza virus and SARS-CoV-2 virus in the US, and discusses the clinical outcome of hospitalized children under 5 years infected with SARS-CoV-2, the perinatal and neonatal outcomes including adverse effects of SARS-CoV-2 infection and virus transmission in Italy between early 2020 and 2022, the guidelines to improve home ventilation, the safety and efficacy of the oral anti-viral molnupiravir and the use of convalescent plasma as a long term treatment as well as treatment specifically for the immune compromised, the ineffectiveness of antibiotics for treating COVID-19, the association of olfactory dysfunction and the administration of corticosteroids and the safety of the RSV vaccines licensed last year.
For the last episode of 2023, TWiV describes how ancient chicken remains reveal the increase of fitness and virulence of Marek’s disease virus, and the diversity and dissemination of Leishmania virus in the pathogenic protozoan Leishmania braziliensis.
In his weekly clinical update, Dr. Griffin discusses the outcomes of SARS-CoV-2, influenza and respiratory syncytial virus infection in pediatric communities under the age of 18 years, the treatment of infants with the human monoclonal anti-respiratory syncytial virus antibody to prevent hospitalizations, most recent statistics on the circulation of respiratory syncytial virus, influenza virus and SARS-CoV-2 virus in the US, how the SARS-CoV-2/COVID-19 pandemic affected school attendance and child healthcare, how exposure length influenced transmission of SARS-CoV-2, how the durability of the anti-SARS-CoV-2 antibody response to protect against virus re-infection, if administration of oral antiviral therapy affected viral rebound in either the unvaccinated or vaccinated populations, as well as a reminder of the ineffectiveness of antibiotics for treating COVID-19 and the effect of vaccination on post-COVID conditions in children between 5-17 years old.
TWiV explains a study showing that ost traits shape virome composition and virus transmission in wild bats, rodents, and shrews, and development of a gB nanoparticle vaccine that elicits a protective neutralizing antibody response against Epstein-Barr virus.
In his weekly clinical update Dr. Griffin discusses the annual economic burden of respiratory syncytial virus in adults in the US, recombinant or standard-dose influenza vaccine in adults under 65 years of age, maternal vaccine effectiveness against influenza-associated hospitalizations and emergency department visits in iInfants, influenza positive tests reported to CDC by US clinical laboratories, update on COVID-19, risk of severe maternal morbidity associated with SARS-CoV-2 infection during pregnancy, COVID-19 rapid antigen tests with self-collected vs health care worker–collected nasal and throat swab specimens, optimal timing of nirmatrelvir/ritonavir treatment after COVID-19 symptom onset or diagnosis: target trial emulation, long-term outcomes following hospital admission for COVID-19 versus seasonal influenza: a cohort study, and risk of arrhythmias following COVID-19: nationwide self-controlled case series and matched cohort study.