This episode: Bacteriophages with defenses against bacterial CRISPR defenses have to work together to succeed!
This episode: A new giant virus infecting marine algae brings its own genes related to fermentation, generating energy in the absence of oxygen!
This episode: The bacterial immune system, CRISPR-Cas, can enhance gene transfer via transduction (phages carrying bacteria DNA) despite preventing it via conjugation!
This episode: A new giant virus has genes for a surprisingly complete system of protein synthesis!
This episode: Giant viruses produce DNA-packing proteins that seem to have branched off from eukaryotes far back in evolutionary history!
This episode: Adding adapters to anti-cancer virus helps it avoid destruction by the body so it can target the tumors!
This episode: Phages may be passing through the barriers in our body all the time!
This episode: A virus designed to target cancer could also help eliminate hidden HIV infections!
This episode: Phage therapy can work very well when combined with an effective immune response from the host!
This episode: A plasmid discovered in Antarctic archaea can create virus-like particles, membrane vesicles, and transfer itself to new hosts!